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01 January 2018

Evolution of racism, xenophobia and other forms of intolerance in Spain


The latest report of the Spanish Observatory on Racism and Xenophobia (OBERAXE) analyses the attitudes and perceptions of Spaniards towards immigration in 2016, comparing them with results from the preceding decade. The study finds that racist, intolerant, and xenophobic attitudes have decreased between 2007 and 2016.

The results show that Spaniards have become more open to diversity and interacting with immigrants. Support has also increased for the recognition of basic rights for immigrants. The degree of ‘trust in people’ proved to be a crucial element for increasing social cohesion.

The majority of respondents (58.4%) believed that immigrants significantly and positively contribute to the economic development of Spain. This marks the first time since 2008 that this percentage was greater than the percentage who believed that immigrants take away work from Spaniards (53.9%). In addition, 59% of respondents believed that immigrants significantly contribute to enriching the culture of the country.

These encouraging results draw attention to the important work of prevention, awareness, oversight, and support that has been carried out in Spain. At the same time, the results call for stronger efforts to ensure tolerance and respect for diversity in the years to come.

Report - Evolution of Racism
(5.46 MB - PDF)
Summary - Evolution of Racism
(5.45 MB - PDF)


Mercedes Fernández, Consuelo Valbuena, Raquel Caro
Geographic area
Contributor type
National governmental actor
Original source
Posted by
Francesco Pasetti - CIDOB
Country Coordinator

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